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    The Final 24-Hours - U.S. Civil War Appomattox, VA - Williams Cleaner and Minie Ball Set in Black Framed Box | Artifact #G3147

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    The Battle of Appomattox Station & Court House; General Lee's Surrender, April 8th - 9th, 1865 - Williams Cleaner and Minie Ball Set

    Of Special Note: These artifacts are recovered by relic hunter friends from private land with owners permission. This set is an exclusive Cannon Beach Treasure Company Original.

    These artifacts saw action during the final battles of the Civil War before General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House on April 9th, 1865. They still have remnants of the chalky clay and dirt that hid them for over 145 years.

    The Final 24 Hours - This intact (rare) Williams “Cleaner Round” has a zinc disc attached to the end that would expand into the riffling when fired and “clean” the black powder residue from the rifle barrel. The Williams Cleaner round and .58 caliber Minié Ball saw action at Appomattox, VA, and were recovered from Union and Confederate camps at Appomattox.

    Your Williams Cleaner and Minié Ball Set comes ready for display, including:

    1. A detailed, multi-page Certificate of Authenticity research and written by Robert
    2. "Dinna fire till ye can see the whites of their e'en!" Historic Brief
    3. Artifacts in Framed 6" x 8" Conservation-Quality Display Box

    The Final 24-Hours of the American Civil War - One of the Most Significant Days in World History:

    On the afternoon of April 8th, 1865, after four years of intense fighting, Americans against Americans, Union and Confederate forces were closing in on Appomattox Station, where badly needed supplies awaited General Robert E. Lee's beleaguered Army of Northern Virginia. 

    At about 4 p.m., Union forces, with General George A. Custer's 2nd New York Cavalry at the head, began the Battle of Appomattox Station, seizing four train loads of ammunition, medical supplies and food.

    As more troops arrived on both sides, Yankee and Rebel forces continued to maneuver and clash into the moonlit night. The final battle began about 9 a.m., April 9th, for Appomattox Court House. But by 11 a.m., General Lee knew the end was in sight for the remnants of his proud Army of Northern Virginia, and the Confederacy. He sent out multiple flags of truce and sent word to General Grant asking to discuss terms for surrender.

    Mid afternoon, Lee and Grant met at Wilmer McLean's house at Appomattox Station and the signing of the surrender papers was complete about 3:30 p.m. 

    Even though this wasn't the final battle, as it would take a few weeks for word to reach all of the armies, the Civil War was over. General Grant said, "The Confederates were now our countrymen, and we did not want to exult over their downfall," and he agreed to let General Lee's men go home, as long as they swore to never take up arms against the United States again. On April 12th, four years to the day after Confederate forces fired on Union soldiers at Fort Sumter, nearly 28,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered their weapons at Appomattox.

    The Civil War was over.

    Both armies made camp at Appomattox for the next several weeks as the Confederate soldiers were discharged, and Federal soldiers were either discharged or reassigned.

    About the Minié Ball:

    This lead projectile still has remnants of the dried, chalky clay-like dirt it was found in. It is a Minié ball (minie ball) and is a type of muzzle-loading, spin-stabilizing rifle bullet named after its co-developer, Claude Etienne Minié. It came to prominence in the Crimean War (1853 to 1856) but Minié-derived weapons became the most common firearm in the American Civil War due to their accuracy.

    The bore of this new rifle had grooves (“rifling”) in it which slowly twisted as they went from the back to the front of the weapon. The back of the bullet had a conical base with three rings which expanded when the gun powder was ignited. The base then filled into the barrel’s rifling which gave the projectile a spin, thus making it much more accurate. The adoption of this ammunition allowed soldiers to reload their rifled muskets faster and fire them more accurately. This increased the lethality of weapons used on the battlefield and effectively rendered conventional line infantry tactics obsolete.

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