Alexander the Great of Macedon, was the greatest conqueror of the ancient world. He became the king of Macedonia in 336 BC at the age of 20. He inherited from his father the dream to conquer the Persian Empire, the largest and most powerful empire known to that date. Alexander was a military and organizational genius – considered a god by some and a monstrous tyrant by others. He was educated by Aristotle, and was noted for his unparalleled bravery paired with irresistible charisma. Alexander’s coinage was the most extensive and uniform of the ancient world before the establishment of the Roman Empire.
Alexander earned the epithet “the Great” due to his legendary success as a military commander. He is known to have never lost a battle, despite being constantly outnumbered in the many battles he fought. Alexander also recognized the potential for disunity among his diverse army, which had different customs, languages and weapons, and overcame the difficulties by being personally involved in the military action, in the great traditions of the Macedonian kings.
At his death in 323 BC, in Babylon at the age of 32, Alexander left a world permanently changed – a world in which the Greek language and culture would form the intellectual foundation for the next 300 years and beyond.