Byzantine Empire Gold Cross Solidus Coin Circa 654 AD in 18K Gold Pendant | Artifact #8162

Size Guide

The Byzantine Gold Solidus: The Cross of Calvary

Please Note: This is an authentic ancient Byzantine Treasure Coin, and you will receive the exact pendant in the photographs and description.

By the early 5th Century, the once dominant Roman Empire was a fragmented collection of on-again, off-again allied or warring regions.  Divided roughly between the western and eastern halves of the empire, the glory of Rome was no longer.  Out of the ashes of this once great society rose the empire that would dominate European culture, economics and warfare for close to a millennium:  The Eastern Roman, or Christian Byzantine Empire.

From its origins to the height of its glory, Byzantine coinage bearing the Cross of Christ, celebrated the faith of the Christian empire. And most prized among its coinage is the early era Gold Solidus featuring the Cross Potent - said to represent the Jeweled Cross of Calvary placed on Golgotha Hill by Roman Emperor Theodosius II. Pure Gold, shinning and heavy, this gleaming Solidus is a testament to the coin maker's art... and faith.

Your Byzantine Gold Solidus:

  • Denomination: Solidus
  • Emperor:  Constans II (also called Constantine the Bearded) & Constantine IV 
  • Ruling Period: 641, and with his son, from April 13, 654 to September 15, 668 
  • Coin struck: 654-659, 2nd Officina
  • Mint: Constantinople
  • Emperor: Constans II (also called Constantine the Bearded) & Constantine IV 
  • Obverse (Front): Facing busts of Constans and Constantine IV each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads
  • Reverse (Back): Reverse: VICTORIA AVGY B officina letter, cross potent on three steps; mintmark CONOB
  • Coin Metal: Gold
  • Bezel Metal: 18K Gold
  • Articulating Bail Interior Diameter: Will accommodate chain or leather necklace up to 5.8 mm
  • Metal smith: Robert Lewis Knecht
  • Size: 1” Across, 1 1/4” Tall

The Byzantine Empire was firmly rooted in its Greek past.  Byzantines were mainly Greek-speakers throughout Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages.  Their capital city was Constantinople, which was also known historically as Byzantium.  After the 5th century collapse of the Western Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire continued to thrive and grow in influence, and while we refer to the “Byzantine Empire” or “Eastern Roman Empire,” they referred to their country as simply the “Roman Empire.”

Byzantine money – the money used in the Eastern Roman Empire after the fall of the West – was made up of two very different types of coins:  the gold solidus and a variety of bronze coins with clearly defined values.  By the end of the empire, coins were issued in silver and bronze only.

Coin Notes: VICTORIA signifies that ruler is victorious in Christ. Why are there two rulers on this coin? In order to assure proper succession, emperors associated their sons with them as co-emperors, and the coinage was intended to advertise the dynasty. Officina letter signifies a subdivision of the mint - used to keep control of the quality of a coin, just like mint and assayer marks on Spanish coins. The cross on steps is believed to represent the great jeweled cross erected on Golgotha Hill (Calvary) by Theodosius II (408–450). 

Grierson notes, in the Dumbarton Oaks catalog, “the inscriptions [on this type] are very variable, since it was difficult to get so much on the coin.”

Your Byzantine Gold Solidus Pendant comes with:

  1. Our 100% Authentic Lifetime Guarantee
  2. A Detailed, Multi-Page Certificate of Authenticity Researched and Written by April and Robert Lewis Knecht
  3. Treasure Hunters Gazette Booklet
  4. A Gift Box
  5. A Treasure Jewelry Care Card